Please tap into our numerous, recommended resources.
Recovery Management Services (RMA) delivers this helpful information to help you and your family better understand addiction in adults and children, psychoactive drugs, intervention, treatment, the brain, depth psychology, and much more.
When you need added help or specific answers to your questions, please call Elisa Hallerman at 310-415-2299 or email Elisa.
- May 11, 2015 (rawstory.com) “Massachusetts town says it will stop arresting drug addicts — and will get them medical help instead”
- May 2, 2015 (The Daily Beast) “The Billion-Dollar Rehab Racket That Drains Family Savings
- May 1, 2015 (Mother Jones) “The Rehab Racket: The Way We Treat Addiction Is a Costly, Dangerous Mess”
- April 23, 2015 (Addiction Professional) “Social anxiety can sabotage treatment success for youths
- April 4, 2015 (New York Daily News) “Heroin is making a comeback in New York City, with fatal overdoses outnumbering homicides“
- April 3, 2015 (The New York Times) “How to Screen Pilots and Protect Passengers“
- April 2, 2015 (National Institutes of Health) “NIAAA recognizes Alcohol Awareness Month 2015“
- March 18, 2015 (Addiction Professional) “McLean Hospital opens first facility outside Massachusetts“
- March 31, 2015 (Saratogian News) “Students study SUBSTANCE ABUSE, PREVENTION
- March 17, 2015 (Addiction Professional) “An interventionist’s view of treatment centers“
- March 13, 2015 (Addiction Professional) “Physician sees troubling patterns in young marijuana users“
- February 19, 2015 (insurancenewsnet.com) “Health Insurance Companies Say No To Allowing Addiction Treatment Professionals to Manage Care in NJ“
- May 3, 2014 (OpEDNews.com) “Bain Capital’s grip on addiction–The profit behind 12-step treatment“
- Al-Anon Family Groups (1992) Courage to change: One Day at a Time in Al-Anon II.
- Al-Anon Family Groups (1997) Paths to Recovery: Al-Anon’s Steps, Traditions, and Concepts
- Al-Anon Family Groups (2005) Al-Anon’s Twelve Steps & Twelve Traditions.
- Al-Anon Family Groups (2008) How Al-Anon Works for Families & Friends of Alcoholics.
- Alcoholics Anonymous (1981) Twelve Steps and Twelve Traditions.
- Alcoholics Anonymous (2002) Alcoholics Anonymous: The Big Book.
- Alcoholics Anonymous (2010) The Book That Started It All: The Original Working Manuscript of Alcoholics Anonymous.
- Beattie, Melody (1986) Codependent No More: How to Stop Controlling Others and Start Caring for Yourself
- Beattie, Melody (2005) Language of Letting Go Codependence No More
- Bernstein,Gabrielle (2012) Spirit Junkie: A Radical Road to Self-Love and Miracles.
- Brown, Brene (2010) The gifts of Imperfections: Let Go of Who You Think You’re Supposed to Be and Embrace Who You Are.
- Campbell, Joseph (1991) The Power of Myth.
- Carnes, Patrick (2001) Out of the Shadows: Understanding Sexual Addiction .
- Carnes, Patrick (2012) A Gentle Path through the Twelve Steps: The Classic Guide for All People in the Process of Recovery.
- Dyer, Wayne W. (1994) The Shift: Taking Your Life from Ambition to Meaning.
- Frankl, Viktor E. (2006) Man’s Search for Meaning.
- Frewen, Paul and Lanius, Ruth. (2015). Healing the Traumatized Self: Consciousness, Neuroscience, Treatment.
- Hillman, J. (1996). The Soul’s Code: In Search of Character and Calling.
- Hillman, J. (1997). Re-Visioning Psychology.
- Hillman, James (1997)The Soul’s Code: In Search of Character and Calling.
- Hillman, James and Ventura, Michael (1992). We’ve Had a Hundred Years of Psychotherapy– And the World’s Getting Worse.
- Jung, C. G. (1955) Modern Man In Search of a Soul.
- Jung, C. G. (1965). Memories, Dreams, Reflections.
- Jung, C. G., (2002). The Earth Has a Soul: The Nature Writings of C.G. Jung,G.Jung’s Writings on Nature, Technology and Modern Life.
- Levenkron, Steven (1998) Cutting: Understanding and Overcoming Self-Mutilation.
- Levine, Peter (1997) Waking the Tiger: Healing Trauma.
- Levine, Peter (2006) Trauma Through a Child’s Eyes: Awakening the Ordinary Miracle of Healing.
- Levine, Peter (2008) Trauma-Proofing Your Kids: A Parents’ Guide for Instilling Confidence, Joy and Resilience.
- Levine, Peter (2010) In an Unspoken Voice: How the Body Releases Trauma and Restores Goodness,
- Marion, Woodman and Elinor Dickson (2010) Dancing in the Flames: The Dark Goddess in the Transformation of Consciousness.
- Mellody, Pia (2003) Facing Codependence: What It Is, Where It Comes from, How It Sabotages Our Lives.
- Moore, Dr. Thomas (1994) Care of the Soul : A Guide for Cultivating Depth and Sacredness in Everyday Life .
- Moore, Dr. Thomas (2005) Dark Nights of the Soul: A Guide to Finding Your Way Through Life’s Ordeals.
- Moore, Thomas (2005) Dark Nights of the Soul: A Guide To Finding Your Way Through Life’s Ordeals.
- Peck, M. S. (1979) The Road Less Traveled: A New Psychology of Love, Traditional Values, and Spiritual Growth.
- Sheff, David (2013) Clean: Overcoming Addiction and Ending America’s Greatest Tragedy.
- Siegel, D. J. (2014) Brainstorm: The Power and Purpose of the Teenage Brain.
- Tsabary, Dr. Shefali (2010)The Conscious Parent: Transforming Ourselves, Empowering Our Children.
- Williamson Marianne (1996) A Return to Love: Reflections on the Principles of “A Course in Miracles”.
- Al-Anon and Alateen http://al-anon.org/
- Alcoholics Anonymous http://www.aa.org/
- CADCA (Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America) http://www.cadca.org/
- Drugs Over Dinner http://drugsoverdinner.org/
- Faces and Voices of Recovery http://www.facesandvoicesofrecovery.org/
- Huffington Post/ Addiction and Recovery http://www.huffingtonpost.com/news/addiction-recovery/
- Partnership for Drug-Free Kids http://www.drugfree.org/
- The Fix http://www.thefix.com/
- The Addicts Mom http://addictsmom.com/
- In The Rooms https://www.intherooms.com/
- Recovery 2.0 http://recovery2point0.com/
What Is Addiction?
It is no longer simple defined as abuse versus dependence. The DSM-V (or DSM-5), the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, defines addiction as: Substance Use Disorder (SUD), with subcategories that include alcohol/cocaine/heroin: “SUD is a cluster of cognitive, behavioral, and physiological symptoms that the individual continues using the substance despite substance related problems,” including:
- Failure to meet work, social or family obligations
- Regularly taking lager amounts of substances over a longer time than intended
- Devoting a lot of time to getting it, using it, recovering from it
- Wanting to stop and cut down but can not
- Continuing to use despite physical or psych problems
- Causing problems in relationships
- Using causes you to miss social obligations
- Using again and again even when puts you in danger
For kids addiction looks like:
- Physical compulsion
- Mental obsession
- Lack of spirituality
- Self centeredness
Other Important Information You Should Know
How the Brain Works
How are dopamine pathways hijacked creating chronic alcohol and drug use?
There are two parts of your brain that are directly affected by alcohol and drugs.
Reptilian Brain (old brain)
3 Areas that make up the old brain are brainstem, cerebellum and mesocortex (midbrain) and limbic system (emotional center)
How it works—3 Main functions of the old brain:
- Regulating physiological functions (respiration, heartbeat, temp, hormone release, muscle movement)
- Basic emotions and cravings (anger, fear, thirst, pain and pleasure)
- Imprinting survival mechanisms (GO switch need more of that substance dopamine for survival, remember we did to survive, do whatever you did before again until you feel satisfied)
What happens when alcohol or drugs enter the body and then brain:
- When an individual uses a psychoactive drug, most often it is the old brain that remembers the experience and how it felt.
- These memories can be triggered repeatedly, encouraging drug use.
- Emotions rather than objective reasoning decide continued use.
Neocortex (new brain)
2 areas that make up the new brain are Cerebrum and cerebral cortex. New brain processes information coming from old brain. It allows us to speak, reason, create, remember, make decisions and then act. (A STOP switch applies when a need has been satisfied or the pain relieved…stop switch signals the old brain).
How it works:
- Because the craving of psychoactive drugs almost always resides in the old brain, the desire for pleasure, pain relief and excitement and cravings therefore override the new brain (rational thought process).
- Before people have time to think, they have following thought: “This will result in dangerous consequences” which means their old brain is already taken over. This is because the old brain reacts 4 to 5 times more rapidly, making the drug use well underway before common sense arrives!
The end result—The G0 switch is more powerful than normal and the STOP switch becomes dysfunctional. Chronic drug use makes the STOP switch useless.
Different therapy options include:
- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
- Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)
- Motivational Interviewing
- Equine therapy
- Somatic experience
- Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
- Brain mapping
- Authentic dance movement therapy
- Art therapy
- Somatic therapy
- Constellation therapy
- Music therapy
- Depth perspective (bringing the unconscious to consciousness…through dream work, active-imagination, writing and somatics)
- Soul making
These have an enormous social impact on all aspects of society worldwide, including:
- Approximately 2 billion people drink alcohol
- 76 million people have an alcohol use disorder, and 2.5 million people die from the disorder each year
- 167 million to 315 million people use illicit drugs.
- 11 million people to 21 million people inject drugs.
- 1 billion use tobacco.
- About 180 million smoke marijuana each year.
- Depending on the survey, 30%-60% of hospital beds are occupied by patients suffering from the medical consequences of drug and alcohol abuse. If food addictions were included, that percentage would be closer to 80%.
- There are 72 major medical illnesses in which substance abuse, in all of its forms, is the primary contributor.
What is Depth Psychology?
- The modern field of Depth Psychology originated in the work of Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud, two visionaries who called attention to the importance of what lies below the surface of conscious awareness.
- Depth psychology is nonpathologizing and strength affirming.
- This approach focuses on the psyche, human development, personality formation, and Individuation is a process of bringing our unconscious potential into a concrete living reality. This process helps to secure a bridge between an individual and the unconscious as well as the individual and his/her wider community. By incorporating both an inner and outer exploration, one discovers a more potent sense of meaning and purpose in life.
- Individuation is a process of bringing our unconscious potential into a concrete living reality.
- This process helps to secure a bridge between an individual and the unconscious as well as the individual and his/her wider community. By incorporating both an inner and outer exploration, one discovers a more potent sense of meaning and purpose in life.